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Throughout Magic's history, expansion sets have been given codenames when under design, well before a set's theme, identity, and lore have been solidified. This allows expansion developers and designers to work ahead further than any other section in the company, and still have terminology to refer to the set as a whole.[1]


This practice was put into place starting with the Alliances expansion set; codenames for previous sets were simply the name of the set.[2] Codenames are chosen by the head designer, Mark Rosewater.[3] The codenames are designed to not have any connection to the mechanics of the set they refer to. They are selected before the designers even know what the set will be about.[4]

The Masques block was the first instance of all the codenames of the sets in a block being connected; the Onslaught block was the first to have the codenames be assigned in a order, typically referencing something in popular culture. When it was announced there would be a change in the number of sets per block from three to two starting with "Blood", the codenames that had already been released for the unannounced sets became decoupled from their previous block.[5]

To make things easier internally, a new codename naming system was introduced in 2017. It follows a single theme (currently sports) alphabetically.[6] That way everyone at Wizards of the Coast will know what comes before and after what.[7]

Codenames for expansions[]

Expansion Codename Notes
Alliances "Quack" Reference to a Macintosh sound file.
Mirage "Sosumi" Reference to a Macintosh sound file of the same name. Initial codename was "Menagerie".
Visions "Mirage Jr." Thought of as Mirage's offspring. Real name was established very close to the start of development.
Weatherlight "Mochalatte" A favorite type of coffee of a friend of the designers.
Tempest "Bogavhati" A "gross misspelling" of Bhogavati, a place in Indian mythology said to be inhabited by poisonous snakes, in reference to the set's poison theme that would later be dropped from the set in development. This codename would be used as the namesake of Vhati il-Dal.[8]
Stronghold "Rachimulot" Reference to the card "Richemulot" in the Dungeons & Dragons Spellfire CCG.
Exodus "Gorgonzola" Favorite cheese of Bill Rose.
Urza's Saga "Armadillo"
Urza's Legacy "Guacamole"
Urza's Destiny "Chimichanga"
Mercadian Masques "Archimedes" All three codenames were mostly chosen for their difficulty in spelling. They are all Ancient Greek scientists.
Nemesis "Euripides"
Prophecy "Dionysius"
Invasion "Beijing" Chinese cities.
Planeshift "Hong Kong"
Apocalypse "Shanghai"
Odyssey "Argon" Chemical elements. Codenames chosen for the ABC order and ease of spelling in contrast to previous codenames.
Torment "Boron"
Judgment "Carbon"
Onslaught "Manny" First set of codenames to use a known pre-set order, these being the names of the Pep Boys mascots.
Legions "Moe"
Scourge "Jack"
Mirrodin "Bacon" Key ingredients in the BLT sandwich. Selected due to the widespread knowledge of the order.
Darksteel "Lettuce"
Fifth Dawn "Tomato"
Champions of Kamigawa "Earth" American band Earth, Wind & Fire.
Betrayers of Kamigawa "Wind"
Saviors of Kamigawa "Fire"
Ravnica: City of Guilds "Control" Keystroke combination used in Microsoft Windows operating systems.
Guildpact "Alt"
Dissension "Delete"
Coldsnap "Splat"[9]
Time Spiral "Snap" Rice Krispies cereal mascots and slogan from advertising.
Planar Chaos "Crackle"
Future Sight "Pop"
Lorwyn "Peanut" Reflecting the nature of the two mini-blocks, so too did the codenames overlap in a before and after style.
Morningtide "Butter"
Shadowmoor "Jelly"
Eventide "Doughnut"
Shards of Alara "Rock" Classic hand game of the same name.
Conflux "Paper"
Alara Reborn "Scissors"
Zendikar "Live" Phrase that normally accompanies the Vulcan salute in the Star Trek franchise.
Worldwake "Long"
Rise of the Eldrazi "Prosper"
Scars of Mirrodin "Lights" Traditional cue to a film crew at the beginning of a take during a television or movie production.
Mirrodin Besieged "Camera"
New Phyrexia "Action"
Innistrad "Shake" Popular phrase derived from the 1954 rhythm and blues song.
Dark Ascension "Rattle"
Avacyn Restored "Roll"
Return to Ravnica "Hook" Popular phrase derived from the three crucial pieces of fishing tackle.
Gatecrash "Line"
Dragon's Maze "Sinker"
Theros "Friends" Oft-quoted excerpt from Julius Ceasar by William Shakespeare.
Born of the Gods "Romans"
Journey into Nyx "Countrymen"
Khans of Tarkir "Huey" Popular Disney characters of the same name. Considered to be a bad choice by Wizards employees in retrospect because the right order of these names turned out too difficult to remember.[10][11]
Fate Reforged "Dewey"
Dragons of Tarkir "Louie"
Battle for Zendikar "Blood" Popular phrase and 1960s American jazz band.
Codenames were released before the change from three sets per block to two was announced, after which the codenames were decoupled from their respective blocks.
Oath of the Gatewatch "Sweat"
Shadows over Innistrad "Tears"
Eldritch Moon "Fears" With the "Tears" overlap, a reference to the English new wave band of the same name.
Kaladesh "Lock" The sets per block change also disrupted this trio of previously announced codenames, a common figure of speech.
Aether Revolt "Stock"
Amonkhet "Barrel"
Hour of Devastation "Laughs" This used to be "Monkeys", with the "Barrel" overlap a reference to the "barrel of monkeys" idiom.
It was changed for an internal reason.[12] Now referencing a "barrel of laughs", something or someone very funny.
Ixalan "Ham" A hearty breakfast. The food theme for the following sets used the order of meals, so people would know the order of the blocks as well.
Rivals of Ixalan "Eggs"
Dominaria "Soup" A light lunch. Codenames released before the change to the Three-and-One Model. Later Dominaria became its own entity. The second set was replaced by Core Set 2019.
Cancelled "Salad"
Guilds of Ravnica "Spaghetti" An Italian-American dinner.[13]
Ravnica Allegiance "Meatballs"
War of the Spark "Milk" A midnight snack.[14] After the introduction of Three-and-One Model, "Cookies" was replaced by Core Set 2020.[15][16][17]
Cancelled "Cookies"

From Throne of Eldraine forward alphabetical themes are used, currently sports.[7] Although Mark Rosewater initially said he had a list of A through Z[6], he later realized that sports V through Z are too difficult to name. He will change to another list after U.[18]

Expansion Codename Notes
Throne of Eldraine "Archery"[19]
Theros Beyond Death "Baseball"[19]
Ikoria: Lair of Behemoths "Cricket"[20]
Zendikar Rising "Diving"[21]
Kaldheim "Equestrian"[22]
Strixhaven: School of Mages "Fencing"[23]
Innistrad: Midnight Hunt "Golf"[24] Forming a pair with Innistrad: Crimson Vow ("Clubs") which deviates from the normal alphabetical sports naming convention,
because it was concepted after the following codenames were already established.[25][18]
Kamigawa: Neon Dynasty "Hockey"[26] Originally planned to be "Handball".[18]
Streets of New Capenna "Ice Skating"[27] Originally planned to be "Ice Hockey".[18]
Dominaria United "Judo"[28]
The Brothers' War "Kayaking"[29]
Untitled Winter 2023 Set "Lacrosse"[30]
Untitled Spring 2023 Set "Marathon"[31] Followed by "Marathon Epilogue"[32]
Untitled Early Fall 2023 Set "Netball"[33]
Untitled Late Fall 2023 Set "Offroading"[33]
Untitled Winter 2024 Set "Polo"[34][35]
Untitled Spring 2024 Set "Quilting"[36] Originally planned to be "Quoits".[36][37]
Untitled Early Fall 2024 Set "Rugby"[38]
Untitled Late Fall 2024 Set "Swimming"[39]
Untitled Winter 2025 Set "Tennis"[39]

Codenames for other sets[]

Some Core Sets, Starter level sets, Supplemental sets and extra expansions also had codenames.

Set Codename Notes
Summer Magic "Edgar" A never released edition of Revised.[40] It used the letter E, because
it was originally planned to be the fifth set (after Alpha, Beta, Unlimited and Revised).[18]
Fourth Edition "Francesca" Also shortened as "Franny".[41] It used the letter F because it came after E(dgar).[18]
Vanguard "Commando" Alluding to the concept of heroes joining the battle (the idea for the set at the time).[42]
Portal "Harvey" Because nobody knew it existed, it was named after an invisible rabbit in a famous play and movie.[18]
Planechase "Hopscotch"[43] A children's game in which each child by turn hops into and over squares marked on the ground.
Commander "Bedlam" [43] A scene of uproar and confusion.
Duel Decks: Mirrodin Pure vs. New Phyrexia "Mac 'n' Cheese"[44] A dish of cooked macaroni pasta and a cheese sauce.
Modern Masters "Picasso"[45] A Spanish painter and sculptor. Literally a Modern Master.
Conspiracy "Hydra"[43] A fictional terrorist organization appearing in American comic books.
Eternal Masters "Jitterbug"[46] An old-fashioned dance.
Unstable "Quicksilver" Unfortunately, this codename gave away what the set was, so it was never publicly used.[47]
Battlebond "Slingshot"[48] The effect of the gravitational pull of a celestial object in accelerating and changing the course of another object.
Modern Horizons "Contemporary"[49] A synonym for Modern.[18]
Mystery Booster "Whirlpool"[50] A quickly rotating mass of water.
Secret Lair Drop Series "Raindrop"[51] A single drop of rain.
Unsanctioned "Parachute"[52] A ready to go set, that could be employed when needed.[53]
Commander Legends "Chevron"[43] A V-shaped line or stripe, especially one on the sleeve of a uniform indicating rank or length of service.
Time Spiral Remastered "Project Cupcake"[54] A small cake with a decadent amount of frosting on top.
Modern Horizons 2 "Decadent"[55] Luxuriously self-indulgent.
Dungeons & Dragons: Adventures in the Forgotten Realms "Zebra"[25] An animal with a skin of contrasting black and white stripes. Replaces Core Set 2022.
Innistrad: Crimson Vow "Clubs"[25] Forming a pair with Innistrad: Midnight Hunt ("Golf")
Unfinity "Umbrella"[56] A collapsible shade for protection.
Commander Legends: Battle for Baldur's Gate "Pentagon"[57] A fortified structure.
TBA "Marathon Epilogue"[32] A new product tied to the Marathon premier set.[58]


Handlebar was used to refer to the "Bolas Arc" of the story, running through ten sets from Kaladesh through War of the Spark.[59] This codename refers both to the handlebar mustache worn by stereotypical pulp movie serial villains,[60] and to the shape of Bolas's horns.[61]


  1. Mark Rosewater (August 12, 2002). "Codename of the Game". Wizards of the Coast.
  2. Mark Rosewater (September 15, 2017). "Has there ever been an instance where somethings code/design name got very close to becoming its actual name?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  3. Mark Rosewater (August 27, 2017). "Who chooses the code names for sets?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  4. Mark Rosewater (January 28, 2018). "Do set codes have any vague connection to what the actual set is?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  5. Mark Rosewater (August 25, 2014). "Metamorphosis". Wizards of the Coast.
  6. a b Mark Rosewater (January 28, 2018). "Are codenames gonna skip letters?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  7. a b Mark Rosewater (April 30, 2017). "New Codenames". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  8. Mark Rosewater (2010-09-06). "Something Wicked This Way Comes, Part 1". Wizards of the Coast.
  9. Wizards of the Coast (July, 2006). "Ask Wizards - July, 2006". Wizards of the Coast.
  10. The Very Strange Art of Picking Magic Set Codenames! (Video). Good Morning Magic!. YouTube (May 3, 2021).
  11. Mark Rosewater (2014-03-07). "what's confusing about "Huey, Dewey, Louie"? Is it just the spelling?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  12. Mark Rosewater (May 22, 2015). "New Codenames". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  13. Mark Rosewater (October 15, 2015). "We Had Our First Exploratory Design Meeting Today…". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  14. Mark Rosewater (May 31, 2016). "Do you have code names of the Spring 2019 and Summer 2019 sets yet?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  15. Mark Rosewater (June 14, 2017). "Salad (M19) and Cookies (M20) got code names to hide the news that core sets were coming back, but will M21 and forward get code names?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  16. Mark Rosewater (January 28, 2018). "Is "Cookies" Magic 2020?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  17. Mark Rosewater (September 30, 2018). "Now that Core Sets are a thing again, is "Cookies" confirmed to be Core Set 2020?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  18. a b c d e f g h Mark Rosewater (May 8, 2021). "Codenames, Part 2". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  19. a b Mark Rosewater (June 14, 2018). "Where can we find a list of all of the upcoming sets' Codenames?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  20. Mark Rosewater (December 1, 2017). "Do we know the codename of the set you worked on today?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  21. Mark Rosewater (February 10, 2018). "For frame of reference, the stuff you work on next...". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  22. Mark Rosewater (April 29, 2018). "Mark. I turn 30 today. I want something juicy...". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  23. Mark Rosewater (August 1, 2018). "Could you tell us about something you made recently but without spoiling it to tease us all?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  24. Mark Rosewater (February 12, 2019). "Let’s say I start work today designing Magic. What set would I be working on?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  25. a b c Mark Rosewater. "Hi mark what were the codenames for the...". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  26. Mark Rosewater (May 20, 2019). "What stage are you at with Hockey?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  27. Mark Rosewater (September 26, 2019). "We had a lot of fun making this blackboard.". Twitter.
  28. Mark Rosewater (February 5, 2020). "How many more sets have their sport code names already?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  29. Mark Rosewater (June 5, 2020). "#745 - Matt Tabak". Drive to Work.
  30. Mark Rosewater (August 27, 2020). "I'm working on L - Lacrosse". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  31. Mark Rosewater (April 18, 2021). "Archery baseball cricket diving equestrian...". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  32. a b Wizards of the Coast (May 12, 2022). "Your Sneak Peek at Double Masters 2022, Dominaria United, and Beyond". Wizards of the Coast.
  33. a b Mark Rosewater (April 18, 2021). "How far ahead are you working on projects compared...". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  34. Mark Rosewater (August 9, 2021). "When can we learn the codename for the set after...". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  35. Mark Rosewater (August 9, 2021). "When will polo be release to the masses 2 3 years...". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  36. a b Mark Rosewater (October 24, 2021). "When can we learn the codename for the q set...". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  37. Mark Rosewater (March 24, 2022). "Wait. Quilting is a sport?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  38. Mark Rosewater (January 15, 2022). "Yes we dont give timetables for future events...". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  39. a b Mark Rosewater (March 24, 2022). "Whats something you worked on today that you can...". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  40. Michael G. Ryan (June 01, 2009). "A Magic History of Time". Wizards of the Coast.
  41. Wizards of the Coast (May, 2007). "Ask Wizards - May, 2008". Wizards of the Coast.
  42. Mark Rosewater, Top 10 Expansion Codenames, The Duelist #23 (March, 1998)
  43. a b c d Gavin Verhey (April 22, 2020). "Can you match these 12 Magic products correctly with the codename?". Twitter.
  44. Five Strange Magic Oddities You've Never Seen (Video). Good Morning Magic. YouTube (July 8, 2020).
  45. Gavin Verhey (February 22, 2018). "The Future of Masters". Wizards of the Coast.
  46. Mark Rosewater (May 23, 2016). "Having Eldritch Moon (EMN) and Eternal Masters (EMA) coming out so close to each other was probably not the best idea.". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  47. Mark Rosewater (January 18, 2018). "What was Unstable's design codename?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  48. Gavin Verhey (May 21, 2018). "A New Challenger Apporaches". Wizards of the Coast.
  49. Mark Rosewater (March 11, 2019). "Can you tell us now what was the Modern Horizons set codename?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  50. Gavin Verhey (November 14, 2019). "Unraveling the Mystery Booster". Wizards of the Coast.
  51. Mark Rosewater (December 07, 2019). "Hey Mark, what was the behind-the-scenes codename for Secret Lair?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  52. Mark Rosewater (February 10, 2019). "what is Parachute?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  53. Mark Rosewater (February 10, 2020). "Un-Boxing, Part 1". Wizards of the Coast.
  54. Mark Rosewater (March 1, 2021). "The Test of Time Spiral Remastered". Wizards of the Coast.
  55. Mark Rosewater (May 24, 2021). "A Modern Approach, Part 1". Wizards of the Coast.
  56. Mark Rosewater (August 29, 2021). "Late to it, but huge congrats on yet another Unset...". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  57. Mark Rosewater (March 26, 2022). "Hi Mark, what was the code name for Baldur's Gate?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  58. Mark Rosewater (May 13, 2022). "Here’s what I can say about Marathon Epilogue (and it’s not much)". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  59. Ethan Fleischer (April 19, 2019). "This has been "Codename: Handlebar""
  60. Mark Rosewater (October 28, 2019). "The Bolas Arc, Part 1"
  61. Aaron Forsythe (April 19, 2019). "Basically."