MTG Wiki
Hybrid Mana
Introduced Ravnica: City of Guilds
Last Used Streets of New Capenna

Hybrid mana (also known as half-half mana) is a type of mana first introduced in Ravnica: City of Guilds. Each hybrid mana symbol represents a cost which can be paid with one of two colors.


Hybrid mana was introduced in Ravnica block[1][2] as part of the multicolor theme. It became one of Ravnica's many returning themes, with a common, uncommon, and rare cycle when the plane was revisited in Return to Ravnica block and Guilds of Ravnica block[3][4][5].

It had a significant presence as the major mechanic in Shadowmoor block[6][7][8], to the point that R&D realized that they had overstretched hybrid's design space[9]. It was also featured in Alara Reborn as an easier way to play three-colored cards, as was the theme of the block, and also in a much smaller role in Fate Reforged, where it reflected the erasure of a wedge's third color.

During the two years of Eldraine-AFR Standard, the usage picked up considerably, as it appeared in the quad-hybrid double-cycle in Throne of Eldraine as a set of monocolor payoffs; three multicolor cycles and the Companion double-cycle in Ikoria: Lair of Behemoths to smooth out a wedge theme; a single two-brid card in Zendikar Rising; a cycle in Jumpstart; and five cycles in Strixhaven: School of Mages (the most in one set since Shadowmoor).

Only one card in the next four sets (Tatsunari, Toad Rider in Kamigawa: Neon Dynasty) used hybrid, but the three-color Streets of New Capenna brought a cycle with a new hybrid cost structure.

Hybrid mana is considered to be deciduous.[10][11]


The hybrid mana symbol can be of any combination of two colors, or any color of mana and two generic mana. In textual terms hybrid mana symbols are represented as:

  • {W/U} = White or Blue
  • {U/B} = Blue or Black
  • {B/R} = Black or Red
  • {R/G} = Red or Green
  • {G/W} = Green or White
  • {W/B} = White or Black
  • {U/R} = Blue or Red
  • {B/G} = Black or Green
  • {R/W} = Red or White
  • {G/U} = Green or Blue
  • {2/W} = 2 generic mana or White
  • {2/U} = 2 generic mana or Blue
  • {2/B} = 2 generic mana or Black
  • {2/R} = 2 generic mana or Red
  • {2/G} = 2 generic mana or Green

Monocolored Hybrid[]

Shadowmoor introduced Monocolored Hybrid cards (also called "two-brid"). Monocolored hybrid mana symbols represent a cost that can be paid in either of two ways. For example, {2/B} can be paid with either {B} or with two mana of any type. It's a black mana symbol. Two-brid returned in Zendikar Rising.[12]

  • A card with a monocolored hybrid mana symbol in its mana cost is each of the colors that appears in its mana cost, regardless of what mana was spent to play it. It is not colorless. For example, Beseech the Queen above is black, even if you spend six red mana to play it. These are also referred to as "two-brid".[13]
  • A card with monocolored hybrid mana symbols in its mana cost has a converted mana cost equal to the highest possible cost it could be played for. Its converted mana cost never changes. For example, Beseech the Queen above has a converted mana cost of 6, even if you spend {B}{B}{B} to play it.
  • If a cost includes more than one monocolored hybrid mana symbol, you can choose a different way to pay for each symbol. For example, you can play Beseech the Queen by spending {B}{B}{B}, {2}{B}{B}, {4}{B}, or {6}.
  • If an effect reduces the cost to play a spell by an amount of generic mana, it applies to a monocolored hybrid spell only if you've chosen a method of paying for it that includes generic mana.
  • Unlike other hybrid cards, which appear in two-tone frames, the Shadowmoor monocolored hybrid cards appear in monocolored frames because they're just a single color.[14]

Gold Hybrid Costs[]

In the 2009 set Alara Reborn, hybrid symbols were featured alongside the "normal" mana symbols for the first time. For example, Jund Hackblade was given the cost {B/G}{R} for the reason of it being a card with a converted mana cost of 2 that was needed to be tri-colored, and lets it be a draft pivot for the red shards. The mana cost of {B/G}{R} is representative of the allied colors of red, black, and green. Black and green are enemies, though they both are allied to the main color, red, or {R}. All the hybrid cards in the set follow this patterning, thus all hybrid symbols were of enemy colors.

Hybrid mana has not been a design focus for many years, and as such costs of this nature have not been seen for a while. Ikoria: Lair of Behemoths showed the other side in the five Apex creatures, which are wedge-colored and have a Mutate cost that has an allied hybrid (i.e. {G/W}) and their common enemy ({B}) in the cost (Nethroi, Apex of Death, normal cost {2}{W}{B}{G}, mutate cost {4}{G/W}{B}{B}). Strixhaven: School of Mages showed a brand new cost in the form of XMHN, where H is a hybrid cost of M and N - such as Quandrix Cultivator({1}{G}{G/U}{U}). This is the first time the hybrid cost was in between two color symbols.

Streets of New Capenna inverted the Strixhaven style with three-colored cards that could be played in a monocolor deck of the shard's central color, i.e. center color N, flanked by M/N and N/O hybrid mana, where M and O are the allied colors to N; for example Ognis, the Dragon's Lash, costing {1}{B/R}{R}{R/G}. This would be the first time since Reaper King where a card had multiple unique hybrid mana in its cost.

Phyrexian Hybrid[]

Phyrexian hybrid mana was introduced in Kamigawa: Neon Dynasty. It allows for the payment in one of two colors, or of 2 life.


From the glossary of the Comprehensive Rules (June 10, 2022—Commander Legends: Battle for Baldur's Gate)

Hybrid Card
A card with one or more hybrid mana symbols in its mana cost. See rule 202.2f.

From the glossary of the Comprehensive Rules (June 10, 2022—Commander Legends: Battle for Baldur's Gate)

Hybrid Mana Symbols
A mana symbol that represents a cost that can be paid in one of two ways. See rule 107.4.

From the Comprehensive Rules (June 10, 2022—Commander Legends: Battle for Baldur's Gate)

  • 107.4e Hybrid mana symbols are also colored mana symbols. Each one represents a cost that can be paid in one of two ways, as represented by the two halves of the symbol. A hybrid symbol such as {W/U} can be paid with either white or blue mana, and a monocolored hybrid symbol such as {2/B} can be paid with either one black mana or two mana of any type. A hybrid mana symbol is all of its component colors.

    Example: {G/W}{G/W} can be paid by spending {G}{G}, {G}{W}, or {W}{W}.


  • Hybrid mana symbols appear only in costs, such as the mana cost in the upper right corner of a card or the cost to activate an activated ability.
  • A card with hybrid mana symbols in its mana cost is each color that appears in its mana cost, regardless of what mana was spent to cast it. For example, the Deathcult Rogue is blue and black, even if you cast it with only blue mana.
  • As you cast a spell or activate an activated ability with hybrid mana symbols in its cost, you choose which color of mana you will spend for each hybrid mana symbol. You do this at the same time you would choose modes or choose a value for an X in a mana cost. For example, you choose whether you'll cast Deathcult Rogue by paying {1}{U}{U}, {1}{U}{B}, or {1}{B}{B}.
  • Hybrid mana symbols, including monocolored hybrid mana symbols, do count toward devotion to their color(s). However, they add one devotion to each of their corresponding colors and one to their collected colors. For example, a {U/B} mana will add one devotion to a Phenax, God of Deception and not two.


  • Hybrid mana symbols were featured as rules card 3 of 6 in the Shadowmoor set and 2 of 8 in the Eventide set and 1 of 3 in the Alara Reborn set.
  • The design for the hybrid mana symbols was chosen after careful consideration of other possibilities.[15]
  • Three-color hybrid, or "tri-brid" is deemed too close to colorless, ugly, and confusing.[16]
  • Hybrid mana is considered to be a deciduous mechanic.[17]
  • In standard-legal expansions, hybrid cards are numbered after the traditional gold multicolor cards, but in reprint/special products like Commander or Planechase, they are numbered in amongst the gold cards.[18] However, the former tradition has been subverted with the release of Strixhaven: School of Mages.

See also[]


  1. Aaron Forsythe (September 23, 2005). "Ravnica: Review and Preview". Wizards of the Coast.
  2. Aaron Forsythe (December 23, 2005). "Crossing the Streams". Wizards of the Coast.
  3. Matt Tabak (September 4, 2018). "Guilds of Ravnica Mechanics". Wizards of the Coast.
  4. Mark Rosewater (September 17, 2018). "Guild to Order, Part 2". Wizards of the Coast.
  5. Wizards of the Coast (September 20, 2018). "Guilds of Ravnica Release Notes". Wizards of the Coast.
  6. Mark Rosewater (March 31, 2008). "Shadowmoor than Meets The Eye, Part I". Wizards of the Coast.
  7. Mark Rosewater (April 7, 2008). "Shadowmoor than Meets The Eye, Part II". Wizards of the Coast.
  8. Doug Beyer (April 30, 2008). "Hybrid Flavor". Wizards of the Coast.
  9. Mark Rosewater (July 3, 2021). "For my birthday, do you have any trivia on how Shadowmoor affected the rest of Magic?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  10. Mark Rosewater (June 30, 2017). "What mechanics and tools are currently considered Deciduous?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  11. Mark Rosewater (March 28, 2022). "Deciduous". Wizards of the Coast.
  12. Matt Tabak (September 1, 2020). "Zendikar Rising Mechanics". Wizards of the Coast.
  13. Mark Rosewater (March 06, 2018). "Do you have a slang term in R&D for "Beseech the Queen" mana?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  14. Devin Low (April 4, 2008). "What's a "Monocolor Hybrid?"". Wizards of the Coast.
  15. Magic Arcana (September 22, 2005). "Hybrid Mana Brainstorming". Wizards of the Coast.
  16. Mark Rosewater (September 05, 2014). "Did you ever consider tri-brid?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  17. Mark Rosewater (March 09, 2016). "Why isn't hybrid mana cost an evergreen mechanic ?". Blogatog. Tumblr.
  18. Mark Rosewater (March 09, 2019). "As a collector, one thing I've noticed...". Blogatog. Tumblr.

External links[]