MTG Wiki
DCI Sanctioned
Paper {Tick}
Magic Online {Tick}
Magic Arena {Cross}
Type Constructed
Multiplayer {Cross}
Scryfall Search

Modern is a constructed format that allows expansion sets, core sets, and Modern Horizons; from Eighth Edition forward, save for the Modern ban list.[1] The modern format thus encompasses all cards that have been printed in a core or expansion set using the modern card frame (plus some others from Time Spiral).


The format was introduced as a non-sanctioned Magic Online format in May 19, 2011 and subsequently officially codified on August 12, 2011, when the format of Pro Tour Philadelphia was changed from Extended to Modern.[2][3][4][5][6][7]

Deck construction[]

Constructed decks must contain a minimum of sixty cards. There is no maximum deck size; however, you must be able to shuffle your deck with no assistance. Like other constructed formats, a sideboard of exactly fifteen or zero cards can be used.

With the exception of basic lands (land cards that have the "basic" supertype) and cards like Relentless Rats, a player's combined deck and sideboard may not contain more than four of any individual card, counted by its English card title equivalent.[8]

Set legality[]

Cards from all regular core sets and expansions since Eighth Edition are legal.[8]

Timeshifted cards in Time Spiral (even never reprinted in the modern frame), cards from Planeswalker decks, and Buy-a-Box promos are considered legal in this format. However, cards reprinted as Masterpiece Series are not considered as a part of the respective expansion, and can only be used if they are already legal in Modern.


Several sets introduce new cards directly into Modern without them ever being legal in Standard. They contain brand new cards and reprints not previously legal in Modern.

Modern Masters[]

The Modern Masters series contains reprints of Modern-legal cards from Eighth Edition onward. The sets include many cards with new art as well as new, never-before-printed tokens.

Banned List[]

As of March 7th, 2022, the following cards are banned in Modern tournaments:[8][10][11]

Popular archetypes[]



  • Modern Bant Stoneblade
  • Modern Black-Green Rock
  • Modern Deadguy Ale
  • Modern Death and Taxes
  • Modern Death's Shadow
  • Modern Eldrazi Tron
  • Modern Ephemerate
  • Modern Hardened Scales
  • Modern Jund deck
  • Modern 5-Color Niv
  • Modern Ponza
  • Modern Green-White Titan
  • Modern Red-Black Unearth/Midrange


  • Modern Storm
  • Modern Oops All Spells
  • Modern Infect
  • Modern Hammer Time
  • Modern Amulet Titan
  • Modern Dredge
  • Modern Ad Nauseam
  • Modern Scapeshift deck
  • Modern Living End
  • Modern Green Tron
  • Modern Heliod Company
  • Modern Belcher
  • Modern Neobrand
  • Modern As Foretold
  • Modern Naya Kiki-Chord


  • Modern Blue-White Control
  • Modern Uro/Uromnath Control
  • Modern Jeskai Control
  • Modern Blue Moon
  • Modern Blue Tron
  • Modern Red Prison

Previous popular archetypes[]

Archetypes which were popular, but had key cards banned or fell out of favor.


  1. Reid Duke (April 27, 2015). "An Introduction to the Popular Constructed Formats". Wizards of the Coast.
  2. Wizards of the Coast (August 12, 2011). "Pro Tour Philadelphia Format Change". Wizards of the Coast.
  3. Tom LaPille (May 27, 2011). "A Modern Proposal". Wizards of the Coast.
  4. Tom LaPille (August 12, 2011). "Welcome to the Modern World". Wizards of the Coast.
  5. Tom LaPille (November 04, 2011). "The Modern Future". Wizards of the Coast.
  6. Sam Stoddard (June 21, 2013). "Developing Modern". Wizards of the Coast.
  7. Sam Stoddard (February 21, 2014). "Modern Living". Wizards of the Coast.
  8. a b c Modern Format. Wizards of the Coast.
  9. Wizards of the Coast (August 24, 2021). "On The Lord of the Rings: Tales of Middle-Earth Format Legality". Wizards of the Coast.
  10. Blake Rasmussen (February 3, 2015). "A Brief History of the Modern Banned List". Wizards of the Coast.
  11. Wizards of the Coast (March 7, 2022). "March 7, 2022 Banned and Restricted Announcement". Wizards of the Coast.

External links[]