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Keyword Action
Introduced Alpha (mechanic)
Revised Edition (keyword)
Last Used Evergreen
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Sacrifice, often shortened to sac, is a keyword action. It means to move a permanent you control to its owner's graveyard.


Sacrificing or saccing is purposely or forcefully removing a permanent from play. This can be due to an effect on the card itself, the effect of another permanent already in play, coming into or leaving play or a spell such as an instant or sorcery. A sacrificed permanent cannot be regenerated. Even though the card Sacrifice was in Alpha, the keyword action of sacrifice didn't show up until Revised Edition.[1]


Sacrifice decks have a unique strategy: convert one resource into another that leads you to victory. One of the first competitive combo sacrifice decks is among the most famous in its history: Prosperous Bloom.[2]


From the glossary of the Comprehensive Rules (June 10, 2022—Commander Legends: Battle for Baldur's Gate)

To move a permanent you control to its owner’s graveyard. See rule 701.17, “Sacrifice.”

From the Comprehensive Rules (June 10, 2022—Commander Legends: Battle for Baldur's Gate)

  • 701.17. Sacrifice
    • 701.17a To sacrifice a permanent, its controller moves it from the battlefield directly to its owner’s graveyard. A player can’t sacrifice something that isn’t a permanent, or something that’s a permanent they don’t control. Sacrificing a permanent doesn’t destroy it, so regeneration or other effects that replace destruction can’t affect this action.


Example 1

Arms Dealer {2}{R}
Creature — Goblin
{1}{R}, Sacrifice a Goblin: Arms Dealer deals 4 damage to target creature.

Example 2

Cruel Edict {1}{B}
Target opponent sacrifices a creature.

Example 3

Krark-Clan Ironworks {4}
Sacrifice an artifact: Add {C}{C}.

Sacrifice as a resource[]

Sacrifice an artifact[]

Black and red are the most likely to sacrifice artifacts to generate an effect.[3]

Sacrifice a creature[]

Black and red are also the two most likely colors to sacrifice creatures. This is often part of a draft archetype.[3]

Sacrifice an enchantment[]

Red and green are the two colors that most often sacrifice enchantments. This only tends to get used in sets with enchantment themes.[3]

Sacrifice a land[]

Red is the color most likely to sacrifice lands.[3]

Sacrifice a permanent[]

Red is the color most likely to sacrifice any permanent as it's the color that can individually sacrifice them all. R&D are letting black do this a little more.[3]

Forced sacrifice[]

  • Sacrifice a creature (target/each player sacrifices a creature) is primary in black.[4]
  • Sacrifice an artifact (target/each player sacrifices an artifact) is primary in red.[4]
  • Sacrifice a permanent (target/each player sacrifices a permanent) is also primary in red.[4]

Cards that prevent/prohibit sacrificing[]


  1. Mark Rosewater (June 8, 2015). "Evergreen Eggs & Ham". Wizards of the Coast.
  2. Adam Styborski (July 28, 2020). "What Woud You Sacrifice To Win?". Wizards of the Coast.
  3. a b c d e Mark Rosewater (October 18, 2021). "Mechanical Color Pie 2021 Changes". Wizards of the Coast.
  4. a b c Mark Rosewater (June 5, 2017). "Mechanical Color Pie 2017". Wizards of the Coast.